The state of Illinois, which was the last state to set aside its ban against
carrying concealed firearms, is in the news again as the state Supreme
Court further broadens the interpretation of the Second Amendment [see
the court's opinion here:
According to the state's high court, the Second Amendment of the U.S.
Constitution, which states "[T]he right of the people to keep and
bear Arms, shall not be infringed", creates a distinction between
'keep[ing]' arms (that is, having firearms in one's home)
and 'bear[ing]' them (possessing them while
outside one's home). The court ruled that both
bearing arms, while subject to reasonable regulation, are nonetheless separate
and enforceable rights. In making this determination, the court struck
down a state law that made it illegal to carry uncased, loaded guns outside
one's home or property.
In recent years the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that "the Second
Amendment protects the right to possess a handgun
in the home for the purpose of self defense."
McDonald v. Chicago, 561 U.S. at 3050 (emphasis added) (upholding the U.S. Supreme Court's
sweeping 2008 ruling in
District of Columbia v. Heller,
554 U.S. 570).
The Illinois Supreme Court's ruling reflects a deepening recognition
in contemporary society that the right of a U.S. citizen to bear arms
is fundamental and tremendously important.